Mary and Indiana have one striking difference. Despite this, the fact that they are completely removed from society implies that such a lifestyle is impossible under normal circumstances. As a result, she believes love is the only way to escape. Can we argue that these women are what Madame Bovary aspires to be? This can be interpreted in two ways: However, on introducing her cousin from Paris: Describing her physical adultery would show her weakness, in a novel where she eventually becomes the champion of all these men.

She wishes for it to be graceful and elegant like that of a romantic heroine, instead, it is excruciatingly painful. In other words, whether or not the way desire and adultery were perceived changed; France of the Second Empire saw a rise in the levels of adultery , it became a sexually liberated society, where sex was for enjoyment rather than procreation. She is not solely a symbol of lust and wealth. Throughout the novel the heroine and her mother are given angelic descriptions. It reinforces the all-important fact that this is fiction not reality.

Eugenie Grandet and L’avare

Although she is with three different men in the novel, Sand does not describe or even imply that any of the relationships have been consummated. Changes in society are inevitable and in the case of the nineteenth century, this period of change and social uncertainty emerged at its end. There were three conditions by which divorce could be granted: Both men became political editors of La Vie Francaise thanks to her.

Dissertation Voir ma thesis addis ababa university document grandet. La femme de trente ans: University of Massachusetts Press, Massachusetts, Mary spends her childhood travelling suur the country with her father.

Undergraduate Dissertation

Thus as Rachilde suggests, Mary a woman does not have the physical strength to match that of a man. In the case of Duroy, his relationship with Madame Eugebie is triggered by jealousy and the affair is his way of taking revenge on Madeleine.


This is because, unlike the woman that will later be described, these women have no law to protect or empower them.

dissertation sur eugenie grandet

The second half of the novel is a reversal of syr power; Mary uses her feminine charm to ensnare her lovers in irresistible bonds; showing the weakness of men towards female sexuality. The power of sexuality as manipulation is portrayed as natural. Beik, Doris et al. In Bel Ami when we find out that there is a new political writer for La Vie Francaise, who knows Madeleine, it becomes clear that this is the way this new society works.

We must take into considerations factors such as place, specifically the role of Paris. Although this equality is not achieved in the nineteenth century, it egenie a reflection of the twentieth century, where mainly due to the suffrage movement, equality of the sexes is achieved.

The fact that we are not told whether eygenie are married or even lovers, reinforces this gender equality; as it suggests that both of them are genderless; they are neither man dissertationn woman but social equals. Despite the fear of divorce, mistresses were still popular among wealthy, married men. However, this could easily be applied to any of the characters discussed above.

American Historical Review 89, They are romantic heroines because they are victims of their own love.

IDEALS @ Illinois: Eugenie Grandet and L’avare

It is for this reason that the serenity of the ending of Indiana is a perfect example of gender equality. Both were politicians, so their opinions and work were held in esteem.


dissertation sur eugenie grandet

Therefore, she defies all social conventions that assert that a woman in particular a woman of fortune must marry. For Duroy, it is also nothing more than a marriage of convenience.

This starts with her desire to make her house luxurious, to make Charles more comfortable. In other words, it begins a realist one, in that Indiana is unhappily eubenie to her patriarchal husband, but emerges as an idealist, futuristic work, such as those of Maupassant and Diasertation.

Accordingly, on introducing Raymon de Ramiere, we witness a turning point in the novel. Rachilde wished to move away from the typical romantic heroine seen earlier in the century; therefore she created an Aur, a woman that did not belong in the society that existed, but the society that was emerging.

This is lack of a sexual relationship is mirrored in Indiana. David Weir, Decadence and the Making of Modernism. The hunting scene in Indiana, best demonstrates this.

dissertation sur eugenie grandet

Felix Grandet is also utterly unaffected by the issues with his daughter, and only agrees to reconcile because of a business related matter. The Penguin Group, London, Unlike the women that will later be described, she has no law that will protect or empower her. Indeed, the introduction of Disseertation or Paris to Eugenie is what radicalizes her and leads to her defiance of her father.